African Angel

Holacanthus africanus
Also known as the Guinean angelfish and Africanus Angelfish

The African Angel Fish is well sought after because it is a very beautiful fish and because it adapts to captive life easily. The bright blue juvenile fish wins over saltwater aquarium owners quickly, while its adult counterpart has a golden yellow body which some consider to be not as attractive or as popular a choice for your home aquarium. They have a broad white band in the middle of the body and a darker color behind it.

African Angel Fish for sale usually measure 3-4 inches when they are available.

African Angel Fish are found in the Eastern Atlantic by Western Africa from Senegal to the Republic of the Congo.

The African Angel Fish is a very expensive purchase. It doesn’t make its way to the United States very often, although it does show up in other countries once in a while. It is actually common in not uncommon in some areas, such as the Cape Verde Islands and the Gulf of Guinea.

One of the most limiting factors for obtaining the African Angel Fish is its natural location. It is often said that the fish is common out by Africa, but very few in Africa are interested in collecting fish.

The African Angel Fish will need more care than simply adding it to the tank.

While the African Angel Fish is known to be a hardy fish, the key to its survival in a home aquarium revolves around feeding both the African Angel and the rest of the fish in the tank.

African Angels spend much of their time in search of food, and feed upon algae, sponges, tunicates, and various other benthic tasty items. Even though they graze on a wide variety of foodstuffs, learning just what food preference certain species have goes a long way in their closed system (AKA aquariums) maintenance.

These fish are omnivorous active grazers, so provide them with plenty of live rock with plants growing on it. The natural diet of the African Angel Fish consists mainly of crustaceans, sponges, tunicates and some algae. It wants several feedings per day, made up of live or frozen brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and sponge particles. It can learn to accept flake foods with spirulina, and sometimes they will eat pieces of fresh broccoli and/or fresh Caulerpa. Keep this in mind especially for juveniles, because they need a diet with more green foods and algae. Providing macro algae, like Caulerpa mexicana and Caulerpa prolifera should also be given some thought. Feed adults at least twice, daily, and juveniles 3-4 times spread throughout per day. Remember that several smaller feedings throughout the day is better than two large ones.

Give African Angel Fish a tank that is at least 150 gallons. This may seem like a lot for a small juvenile fish, but the adults can ranch anywhere from 8-17 inches. Some people can say that you an house this fish in a 100 gallon aquarium, but that is getting pretty tight. Angel Fish, in general, have shown a tendency to become bullies. The African Angelfish sometimes becomes destructive and aggressive with age, nipping at slow-moving and docile tank mates.

African Angels can be very temperamental and belligerent. So adding them to a saltwater aquarium should be planned accordingly. It is usually better for them to be the last fish introduced. Feeding the existing fish well and then add the angel fish right before the display tank’s lights go out. African Angels are very curious. they like to look around and explore, so use boulders and other pieces of live rock to create lots of hiding places and cave-like structures for them to investigate.

Keep the temperature between 72-78 F, the pH from 8.1-8.4, and the specific gravity at 1.020-1.025.

The African Angel Fish is semi reef aquarium compatible, especially if the aquarium uses plenty of live rock in the display tank to filter the water. The fish spends most of its time hunting for food, grazing off the algae and other organisms on the live rock. If it is hungry enough, it will also nip at corals, clams and other shellfish. If you are going to house one of these rare fish, then make sure that you have a feeding plan in place that keeps them from being hungry enough to go after the corals in your tank.

The African Angelfish is considered semi-reef and does best in aquariums utilizing Live Rock for filtration or decoration. It will spend much of its time picking algae and other organisms off of the rock. They will also nip at corals.

The juveniles are very territorial in their behavior. They fight among themselves and with other small angelfish. As they start to get comfortable in a saltwater aquarium, they also start harassing other species of fish, especially the peaceful ones. The bigger the tank, the more this aggressive behavior is avoided.