Asfur Angel

Pomacanthus asfur, Arusetta asfur
Also known as the Arabian Angelfish and Crescent Angelfish

The Asfur Angel is a beautiful rare fish for any home aquarium. Its popularity as an aquarium fish comes from its bright coloration and being a hardy saltwater fish that is moderately easy to take care of. The crescent-shaped yellow stripe running vertically across its black/blue body is a striking appearance that gets a lot of attention. Blue dots are sprinkled on and around the forehead. There are also white-striped Asfur Angel Fish, but they are extremely rare.

Juveniles are shaped similarly to adults. Their blue bodies seem to be decorated with light-blue and white stripes. They are often confused with Koran Angel fish, but the Asfur Angelfish is distinguished by three white bars. As it grows, the juvenile Asfur Angel Fish begins develop yellow markings, both on its dorsal fin and the caudal fin. It can look like a yellow or gold stripe extending from the middle of the side onto the soft dorsal fin.

Asfur Angels are good choices for larger aquariums with plenty of hiding places. It is usually recommended that the tank be at least 100 gallons, although several in the industry say that it needs to be at least 20 gallons. The fish is equally at home in a fish only with live rock (FOWLR) tank, or in a coral reef tank – although it has been noted that the Asfur will nip at corals if it get hungry enough. This fish is known to sometimes be shy and timid, although it is very aggressive towards other members of its own species (except for its mate), so it is best to only put one or a matched pair into a home aquarium.

Most Asfur Angel Fish for sale measure about 3 1/2 inches long. In the wild, they can reach nearly 16 inches, but as an aquarium fish, they rarely grow over 9 inches.

The Asfur Angelfish hails from the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. It is usually lives alone or as a pair, and it typically makes its home in “semi-protected” inshore reefs, where fishing and tourist activity is limited, with a lot of coral growth, both hard and soft. Sometimes it will be found over silt bottom patches, but not nearly as often.

In nature this species is moderately common around semi-protected inshore reefs characterized by rich growths of soft and hard corals. In the wild the Asfur likes caves, crevices or rocky places with plenty of protection. Occasionally, the Asfur can be seen swimming around for brief periods when looking for food. It can be found depths from 10-45 feet (3-15 meters). It is not easy to collect this exotic beauty.

The Asfur and other fish and invertebrates from the Red Sea are considered highly prized aquarium pets. However, due to the seasonal availability of certain species, high temperatures in the summer months, and the political instability of the area, these animals may not be available all year round.

If you are fortunate enough to find a healthy Asfur angelfish that is taking a variety of foods, the price may appear costly. However, the Asfur angelfish will become one of your most prized aquarium pets.

The marine fauna of the Red Sea is unique. No more that 10% of the known fishes are confined as species or sub-species to the Red Sea. There are still to be discovered as more searchers visit and dive in the area.

The Asfur Angel will need more care than simply adding it to the tank.

Opinions vary on how easy it is to take care of an Asfur Angel Fish. It is considered to be difficult to take care of because it feeds on sponges in its natural habitat. However, most saltwater aquariums and reef aquariums do not have sponges that grow on their own. However, it is also a very hardy fish, adaptable to other some other foods and able to hold its own in a tank if things are set up well with plenty of live rock for grazing and hiding places in the aquarium design.

Many who already have an established tank with omnivores already have a food plan in place for their fish. Most aquariums do not have enough growth of sustainable food to keep up with the demand. Feed the tank a diet that varies over time with large chunks of meaty foods. Some of the standard foods users are krill, raw table shrimp, squid, clam and mussel. Some owners include small crustaceans, and worms in the feeding. Supplement the diet occasionally with an herbivore diet that includes spirulina and add an Angel fish specific diet that is fortified with sponges/spongiform. These supplements and foods can be found in your local fish store or ordered online. As the Asfur Angel Fish gets more and more comfortable in the home aquarium, it will eat algae, romaine lettuce and sometimes, even flake food. Several small servings throughout the day is more beneficial than one or two large doses of food.

The aquarium’s water quality has some flexibility. Keep the temperature in the 72-78º F / 22-25.5º C range, the pH from 8.1 to 8.4, and the specific gravity at 1.020-1.025. Asfur Angel Fish also enjoy bright lighting which shows off its beautiful coloring.

It can however be hard to create an aquarium where the growth of suitable food is fast enough and you may therefore be required to supplement with other food to keep your Asfur Angelfish well nourished. The Asfur Angelfish can usually be trained to accept not only live, but fresh, frozen and formula food as well. You can for instance combine meaty foods such as shrimp, mussels and squid with vegetables and special angelfish preparations. When you purchase angelfish preparations, choose variants containing spongiform products.


The Asfur Angel Fish is widely considered to be reef compatible with caution.

It feeds mainly on sponges and tunicates in the wild. The nature of its preferred habitat, semi-protected reefs, gives it plenty of growth of plants to graze on and the occasional mussel or shrimp. However, in a home reef aquarium, that type of growth is rarely established, so you need to establish a feeding program that is both sufficient and predictable enough for the fish to not be hungry and to know that it is not going to be hungry. In the controlled environment of a reef tank, the Asfur Angelfish needs a varied diet consisting of vegetables, meats, and higher-quality foods prepared specifically for angel fish, containing spongiform products.

Just like other angels, when the Asfur Angel Fish gets hungry enough, it will nip at stony corals, soft corals and clams. Small-polyped stony corals and somewhat noxious soft corals usually get left alone.

It is very aggressive toward other fish of its own species, except toward its mate, if it is paired with another Asfur Angel.

The Asfur Angel Fish is generally a peaceful fish with a shy personality, although with patience, it will soon be tamed and used to its new home. It can be a happy community fish in a home aquarium with other peaceful and robust fishes… with a few exceptions.

In the wild, the Asfur Angel Fish is a solitary fish, living alone or in a pair. It is a territorial fish and will be aggressive to other Asfurs and other large angel fish. Unless it is a part of a compatible pair, we do not advise putting more than one in your home aquarium. If you do choose to put more than one in, be sure to have a very large aquarium and to add two fish of dramatically different sizes. Doing it this way reduces the competition between the two fish, establishing the dominant roles quickly. This way the two fish are not fighting nearly as much for food or places to hide and to call home. Be sure to set up your saltwater aquarium to accommodate each fish, preparing several hiding places for each of the fish in the tank.

Once they have been introduced to a new saltwater aquarium, Asfur Angel Fish takes a while to settle into their new home and to get used to their surroundings and tank mates. However, once they have acclimated themselves an are comfortable, an adult will swim all around the tank and may even chase sone of the other fish. Most of the juveniles are ignored by larger tank mates, sometimes acting in a cleaner role for other fish.

After they feel at home, Asfur angels may pick on new tank mates, especially if they are other angel fish.

Emperor Angel

Pomacanthus imperator
Also known as the Imperator Angel, Imperial Angel

The Emperor Angel fish is one of the most stunning fish in the ocean. Its color, graceful shape and presence causes people to stop what they are doing so that they can admire the fish as it swims in the aquarium.

Most of the Emperor Angel fish’s body is covered with horizontal yellow stripes on a bright blue background. The attention-getting facial features are arranged into a stunning blue-black eye mask with a white area surrounding the mouth. The back end of the dorsal fin and the caudal fin are generally yellow or orange. Large fish sometimes grow a trailing dorsal filament which trails and tapers to a point. An Emperor Angel fish’s bright adult coloring is especially vivid in fish collected from East Africa and the Red Sea.

Like many angels, the Juvenile Angel Fish has a completely different coloring and sets of markings. Juveniles’ appearance is made by a dark blue background with a set of thin blue and white stripes running vertically near the head and which begin to form concentric circles as the stripes approach the rear of the body. While other juvenile angel fish may have similar colors and markings, only the Emperor Angel fish has a pattern of concentric circles, helping divers and others to identify it correctly as a young Emperor Angel fish.

As an Emperor Angel fish begins to transition from juvenile to adult, the dorsal fin and upper body begin to lighten. The vertical and concentric stripes on the body break apart and then merge to create the horizontal striping. Sometimes the markings will become jumbled or disorganized, and the fish’s colors will change to yellow, orange and red.

This change happens often when they reach 4 inches in length, but sometimes they will wait longer, even up to 6 inches. The prevailing theory is that the transition may be a population control, depending on the existing angelfish population of the local reef where the fish lives.

Emperor Angel fish come from many different parts of the world with the most desirable being from the Red Sea.

Emperor Angel fish for sale usually measure from 1 1/2 inches to 4 inches. They can grow to 16 inches and have reported lifespans of 15 years or more.

Emperor Angel Fish are some of the more common of the rare fish. However, there is usually a split between people looking for adults and for juveniles.

One of the most recognized species, the Emperor Angel adapts to aquarium life very well. However, while the Emperor Angel fish can be a fantastic display fish, it can also create a world of frustration for the less experienced aquarist.

Adult Emperor Angel fish have a more difficult time acclimating than juvenile Emperor Angel fish. In many cases, the adult will resist eating prepared, or “captive” foods. However, after time and some patience, good water quality and not being bullied too much by its tank mates, it will normally start to eat foods like frozen mysis shrimp and finely chopped seafood (like shrimp or scallops).

Juvenile Emperor Angel fish tend to be less picky than adults, eating most available fish foods. Feed the Emperor Angel fish one to three times a day, depending on if there is natural food available like algae and sponges for it to eat and graze on.

As a general rule, Emperor Angel fish are less able to handle the less than correct conditions often found in beginners’ tanks. Poor water quality, traces of ammonia or nitrites, overcrowded spaces, high nitrates, dissolved organics, low quality food, lack of greens in their diet, etc. Emperor Angel fish do not tolerate any of these conditions very well and will start to show signs of trouble long before the other fish in the aquarium are affected. similar to “the canary in the coal mine.”

Emperor Angel fish, especially the larger ones, need more care and an experienced aquarist with a well established tank, having at least 6-12 months’ growth of algae, plenty of live rock to provide filtration and hiding spaces, and the experience that comes with maintaining a tank to this point of establishment. If you cannot provide these magnificent and relatively rare fish with anything less than proper space, perfect water conditions and the highest quality diet, please wait until you are better prepared. You and your fish will be much happier with the results.

Emperor Angel fish can be highly susceptible to head and lateral line erosion (HLLE) if they don’t have a proper diet and if toxins are not throughly and regularly removed from the tank. Adults can reach 16 inches in length in the wild, and need plenty of room to avoid any kind of confinement stress issues. Some recommend as large a tank as 220 gallons as a starting point for an adult Emperor Angel fish. The larger your aquarium, the better life will be for your fish.

When it comes to the adult emperor angelfish, the bigger the aquarium, the better. It is important to provide your fish with plenty of room to swim in, lots of live rock for grazing and good hiding places to dash into when it is frightened.

Minimum Tank Size: 220 Gallons
Temperature: 72 – 78°F
sg 1.020-1.025
pH 8.1-8.4
dKH 8-12

Emperor Angel fish are omnivores, and in a home aquarium, it should be fed a widely varied diet of Spirulina, marine algae, high-quality angelfish preparations, mysis or frozen shrimp, and other meaty items. There are also prepared products designed specifically for marine angel fish, such as frozen daphnia and brine shrimp, herbivore-specific foods, and food formulas with sponges and garlic. although flakes and pellets should be fed sparingly.
Make sure it has a lot of meaty foods to eat such as sponges, because it will lose color otherwise. Many frozen angel formulas and flakes may have extra sponge meal, and live sponges can be purchased to supplement their diet.

Emperor Angel fish are not reef tank safe. They are known to nip at large-polyped stony corals, soft corals, sponges, and clam mantles, or to eat them, altogether. They may be kept generally safely with small-polyped stony corals and somewhat noxious soft corals. It is often said that some of the leather corals and anemones are safe with larger angelfish, but not enough for us to recommend testing them to see what will happen.

Juvenile Emperor Angel fish rarely cause community problems in the home aquarium, unless there is another juvenile Emperor Angel fish or another young Angel fish with similar body markings (they think white stripes on blue background is a common coloring and marking for many juvenile angel fish). However, it may also be chased off by other territorial fish defending their turf, like dottybacks, hawkfish and damselfish.

Adult Emperor Angel fish are known more to be fighters and to try to be bossy toward other fish. They will often spar with other angel fish, tangs and trigger fish. Being pestered by bullies of the reef can decrease the likelihood of successful acclimation of a new Emperor Angel fish. However, once the Emperor does fully established itself in an aquarium, it can become a bit of a bully, itself, and will start chasing others, particularly butterflyfish and other angelfish.

The best choices for a large Angel fish’s tank mates are other large community fish, like tangs, triggers, groupers, butterflies and similar fish. There will be a power struggle once in a while, but after thing are established between the fish, there are usually few problems. Shy and passive angel fish can be housed with smaller, calmer tank mates.

This fish cannot be kept with other Angelfish. If you are planning to purchase two or more Angelfish for the same aquarium, they will fight and one of them will probably not survive. Adult Emperor Angel fish are jealously territorial towards their own species and toward other angel fish. Juveniles behave the same way toward other juveniles.

Ironically, adults are generally tolerant of the presence of juveniles, which could help explain the function of the different appearances between adults and young fish.

If an aquarium is large enough (e.g., 240 gallons or more), it is possible to keep a juvenile emperor angelfish with an adult emperor angelfish. However, as the young emperor angelfish begins transforming into the adult colors, the larger fish may begin to attack it.

Gold Flake Angel Fish

Apolemichthys xanthopunctatus

Also known as Gold-spangled, Gold-spotted Angelfish, Gold-Speckled Angelfish,

Hawaiian native, Origin: Christmas Island
Goldflakes are found in the deeper water around the outer edges of reefs and nearby channels and drop-offs, often in shallow water but sometimes at 10-65m/33-213′

The Goldflake Angel fish is a dazzlingly gorgeous fish that grabs eyes. It quickly becomes the start of your aquarium, actively swimming all over the tank with its great personality.

An adult Goldflake Angel fish has a yellow body sprinkled with golden specks. Its fins are black, matched by a spot on the forehead. The fins are outlined with an accenting brilliant, bright blue which also adorns the fish’s mouth.

Juvenile Goldflake Angel fish have bright yellow bodies, and you can see the makings of their gold flakes. At that age, it looks more like random gold strips or even random dark strips along the body. The back fins may be black if they have matured enough. Their dorsal fin is yellow with a tell-tale black spot on the back end. There is also a black stripe coming down from the top of the head through the eye. As it matures, the scales edges start to get darker and the markings on the fish change to the adult marks.

Goldflake Angel fish for sale usually measure between 3-5 inches long. When they mature, they can reach 10 inches in length.

The Gold Flake angel fish is a rare fish, only becoming available once in a while.

Goldflake Angel fish are not known to be easy to keep. Experienced aquarists have been able to keep them because they have experience with saltwater aquariums and know how to take care of their fish. Once it gets acclimated, though, it becomes easier to work with.

Goldflake Angel fish need large aquariums. One fish can live pretty well in an established 125 gallon tank. The aquarium’s live rock should be established enough to provide algae growth and arranged in such a way that it gives the fish many places to hide and to feel safe and secure and also to provide hiding spaces for other fish when it starts to harass them. It also needs to provide a lot of swimming room. If you want to keep another angel in the tank, you will want an aquarium that is over 150 gallons in size. The Goldflake Angel fish should be the first of the large angelfish in the tank.

Goldflake Angel fish require high quality water in their aquarium. 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025

The Goldflake Angel fish is an omnivore and should be fed several times each day. In the ocean, they actively graze on the rock all day, eating mostly sponges and tunicates. There are prepared foods that include a large supply of sponge in them, which will help them greatly. They will also eat mysis and brine shrimp, like most aquarium fish. In time, you will find that the Goldflake Angel fish can learn to eat foods, even flake foods, from your hands.

It would be best for the Goldflake Angel fish if they did not have to compete for algae growing naturally on the live rock, but in an aquarium setting, they most likely will. They will need the vegetarian side of their menu supplemented with nori, spirulina, and other plant matter.

Goldflake Angel fish are as susceptible to disease as their tank mates. Some of the common ones, lie Ich, Crypt and Velvet, or flukes can be treated by owe ring the salinity of the tank to 1.010-1.012 – also known as “hypo-salinity.” This process usually takes two weeks. Once the issues have not ben seen in a while, bring the salinity back to normal. You will want to o this over several days, especially with Angels.

Preventing diseases is always easier than the cure. Keeping the fish as stress-free as can be and letting it grow and be strong, with plenty of hiding places in the aquarium.

Putting a Goldfake Angel Fish into a reef tank is taking a risk.

Some corals are said to be safe with them, but it has a reputation for hurting clams and soft corals, like zoanthids. It also has a reputation for enjoying tube worms. It will also nip a larger polyp stony corals. The soft polyp stony corals, however, seem to be quite safe with the fish. Juveniles are known not to give any reef problems, but when they grow into adulthood, that is when their aggressiveness and territorial nature start to come through.

The Goldflake Angel is semi-aggressive. It thrives best in a community with other fish that are semi-aggressive and are other shapes, colors and sizes. It will go after and bully peaceful fish, whereas other semi-aggressive fish will stand up to it and keep fighting and bullying down.

If the Goldflake Angel fish is not going to be your final addition to the tank, know that the larger the tank, the less aggression you will see in your aquarium. More aggressive fish that get added after the Goldflake Angel fish will harass it. Re-arranging the rock work when introducing the new fish can help to calm things down.

Opinions vary among experts about how well the Goldflake Angel fish coexists with other angels in an aquarium. The one thing that everyone seems to agree on is that the Goldflake Angel fish is one of the better candidates to house with other angels, but the tank needs to be very large and spacious so that they can each have a place to call “home.” Once it has established itself and found its home spot, it can become territorial, just like other angels. So house with other angels with extreme caution.

Conspiculatus Angel Fish

Chaetodontoplus conspiculatus

Also known as the Conspic Angel or Spectacled Angel.

The Conspiculatus Angel fish is often described as “The Holy Grail” of angel fish. Its rarity and bold markings make this beauty the crowning jewel in aquariums that are lucky enough to be able to add it and for aquarists who understand what they have.
Conspicualtus Angel fish for sale are usually over 5 inches. Anything smaller than 5 inches is very difficult to obtain. It can grow up to 10 inches.

Conspiculatus Angel fish are only found near Australia, on the southern part of the Great Barrier Reef, east towards New Caledonia and southward to Lord Howe Island. They inhabit deep coral reef areas, hiding under crevices and in caves at depths between 2-60 meters. Adults will be found at even greater depths. Lord Howe Island is a protected area, meaning that no wildlife can be removed.

The adult Conspiculatus Angel fishes blueish-gray with a gold sheen, turning into a dark black along the bottom side. Its yellow face is bright yellow with a blue mouth. The yellow resembles a mask with well marked bright blue rings around the eyes.

Juvenile Conspiculatus Angel fish have a different color pattern (not so different as the Emperor Angel or the Koran Angel, though). Juveniles are dark with a light brown upper body. They don’t have the blue ring around the eye or the yellow patch on the pectoral fin. Their ventral fin has not turned white, yet, so it is black, and colors haven’t developed other parts of the body, yet.

A very bold and beautiful fish, the Conspiculatus Angel fish quickly makes itself the centerpiece of any aquarium. Being one of the rarest varieties of angel fish, it is highly sought after.

how rare is the conspiculatus angel fish?

The Conspiculatus Angel has a very limited distribution. It is only found in the waters of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales in Australia and also at Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia. Lord Howe is a protected area, which means that no wildlife is allowed to be removed from the area.

The Conspiculatus Angel will feel at home in aquariums that are extremely well cared for by hobbyists with successful experience. We recommend this fish ONLY for larger Aquariums. It is a relatively hardy fish in an aquarium if it is given special care.

They eat an omnivorous diet: pellets, flakes, brine shrimp

Minimum Tank Size 180 gallons
72-78°F; sg 1.023-1.025; pH 8.1-8.4; dKH 8-12.

The Conspiculatus Angel fish needs several hiding places, room to swim, and an aquarium with well established live rock on which it can graze algae. It usually feeds on microalgae and sponges,
When they are first introduced into the aquarium, it can be difficult to get them to start eating. But once it gets comfortable and starts to eat, over time it will start to accept a wide variety of foods, both vegetable and meat. Make sure that it also gets a lot of algae or Nori offered. Sometimes the fish will suddenly stop eating. Switching food when this happens may help to get it eating again. Let it continue to acclimate and to feel completely at home in the tank, It will eventually work is way though these stages.

Newly introduced fish are susceptible to Ich and fin rot, but it will get better over time in a tank with good water quality. The Conspiculatus Angel fish is sensitive to high levels of copper-based medications, so keep this in mind when choosing quarantine techniques.

The Conspiculatus Angel fish will nip at large-polyped stony corals and some soft corals. It will also eat tridacnid clam mantles, sponges and tunicates. The fish has been observed nipping “feet” off the bottom of star fish. While its natural habitat is coral reefs, it is not a safe fish for a reef aquarium. Being in captivity affects its suitability for reef tank life.

The Conspiculatus Angel fish may be shy at first, but once it feels like it is “at home,” it ventures out and inserts itself into the aquarium community. It holds its own quite well and as rarely bullied by other fish, nor is it aggressive to other fish, except other angels.